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Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation

The studies presented in this collection are related to the area of education in a very broad sense. They comprise experiments based on psychological, linguistic, and information science theories and models, which have been applied to both single individuals and samples.



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This monograph contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, who have participated in a self-confrontation experiment. The measurement scale: Assessment and Evaluation Schedule, has been especially devised for this experiment. The report includes a discussion of validity and reliability problems. The self-assessment data have been analysed by means of ANOVA which has been carried out in 3 steps: (1) analysis of the structure of the F-tests, (2)...
Topics: Self-confrontation, teacher, training, experiment, micro-lesson, self-assessment, Anova
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract  The article reports on a study whose focus is on a mainly American mentality that has been brought to the fore through the kind of movements that stigmatise sexual relations. Women’s resistance and revenge as functioning witchcraft against men’s factual or fictive  abuse has been discussed by a female American author in the light of cases concerning men in power positions. A minor portion of her article was analysed with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), which is based on...
Topics: defamation, abuse, witchcraft, witch hunt, metoo, misogyny, human rights, women's rights, natural...
This report is an initial description and analysis of developmental trends in educational research in Sweden since 1937. The analysis is based on an attempt to give a quantitative description of accessible knowledge. The starting point is a strictly random generated sample of researchers in this field. The analysis indicates that the flow of knowledge mainly depends on a very small but highly active group of researchers.
Topics: knowledge, development, quantitative, longitudinal, empirical, I&D, psychology, bibliometrics,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Barbara Marker
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This paper describes differences between the capacity of Swedish and Danish students to attain life quality. This was carried out by examining the level of competence in four different groups of Swedish and Danish students, and is based on the hypothesis that the possession of competence is a premise for the development of life quality. Competence means the ability to make sense in complex situations; more concretely it is the quality on the basis of which the individual activates his or her...
Topics: life quality (LQ), competence, adaptation, model society, factor analysis, ANOVA
Within a research project on computer-based content analysis empirically specified content of nouns is assumed to come about through weighted verbs and adjectives  connected with the nouns. Based on this assumption noun clusters have been established. This study tries to find out a method for measuring the function of adverbs within the adjectival structure. It is namely possible that the weight of the respective adjectives could change in connection with modifiers in such a degree that the...
Topics: psycholinguistics, psychometrics, cluster analysis, modifiers, content analysis
This report contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, who have participated in a self-confrontation experiment. The measurement scale: Assessment and Evaluation Schedule, has been especially devised for this experiment. The report includes a discussion of validity and reliability problems. The self-assessment data have been analysed by means of ANOVA which has been carried out in 3 steps: (1) analysis of the structure of the F-tests, (2)...
Topics: self-assessment, self-confrontation, traditional tutoring, contrast analysis, Anova, precision...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The mental event horizon of the German law maker can be approached on the basis of the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] paradigm. The roots of the law will be used with the purpose to explain resulting novelties. The particular operation of producing corresponding rotations is influencing its space developments. To catch the fundamental implications of corresponding landscapes, the concept requires that the underlying strings of graphemes have the capacity to produce valid textual resonance spaces....
Topics: Roman law, civil law, jurisprudence, basic framework, legal system, historical importance, Latin...
The objective of this and the two forthcoming articles is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. The reason for starting with entrepreneurship is twofold. The entrepreneurial sciences represent a tradition the subject matter of which is change, and the relation between the singular and the super singular constitutes a problem which has frustrated the cognition of human activity. The analysis of some classic theories of entrepreneurship shows that - given a sufficient...
Topics: entrepreneurship, discontinuity, dialectic logic, existence, global perspective
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Five reports are planned on translating the original Latin text of Chapter 44 of Tacitus’ Germania, into Swedish, Danish, English, French and German . The present study concerns the Swedish version which points towards configurations that, with respect to the original text on the Suiones, have produced dissimilarities in the dimensions of Intention (Int) and Orientation (Ort). Founded on space divisions, rigorous examinations have been carried out on the validity of the involved...
Topics: european mentality, screening, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside analysis,...
Abstract     Human language ability is usually seen as an effect of a sudden leap in genetic mutation that equipped man with a frame of generative rules for language production. Noam Chomsky’s idea implies that communication between people and over time would be a matter of agreeing on what categories shall be put into the framework. Thus, a skeptical attitude towards the depicting ability of language can be found among scholars who adhere to this agreement. However, the premise of the...
Topics: Language geometry, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, energy landscapes, biology of language,...
The report presents a research program, the purpose of which is to study (1) the development of the individual's self-cognition and competence in handling interpersonal relations, (2) the individual's sensitivity in observing the course of an event and ability to develop flexible strategies of behaviour in interactions with others. A model for the simulation of interactive behaviour is outlined. The model is based on three behavioural principles and has guided the preliminary construction of a...
Topics: behaviour simulation, model development, interaction strategies, test results
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This article presents and discusses a model for analyzing abstract invariant relationships between concepts and conceptualizations, linguistically expressed in generalized descriptions (scientific titles) of information processing. The model assumes conceptual information to be directly picked up by means of prepositions distinguishing intention from orientation. The precise organizing functions of prepositions have led to the construction of an algorithm which makes possible a generalized...
Topics: intermediate language, AaO paradigm, structure, concept, recognition, prepositions, algorithmic
For the first time in the history of psychological and educational measurement the Kantian schema has been applied to natural language expression in a rigorous and precise way. The crucial novelty of the approach concerns the way in which the Kantian schema interrelates the analytic with the synthetic mode in the construction of the presented formalism. The main thesis advanced is based on the premise that the synthetic in contrast to the analytic proposition plays the central role in the...
Topics: measuring, change, Kant, AaO system, expression, consciousness, carrier, language, dance, language,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Gerd Iben & Bernhard Bierschenk
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This report gives some information about the possibilities and problems, which have been observed during an excursion to Sweden, jointly organised by the Department of Comparative Education, University of Marburg and the Department of Education at the University of Hamburg. Two different forms can be discerned. One concerns the provision of school psychology in Gothenburg and the other relates to parts of student care within the comprehensive school system of Uppsala. Some information about the...
Topics: Sweden, comprensive school, psychology, student care
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract The present discussion is meant to serve the explanation of significant novelties, resulting from a search through the text of the human rights preamble. Through the explicit functional relation of termini of its states, state attractions have been shown to have the capacity to enhance the fundamental relationship between the themes and the motifs incorporated into the preamble. It follows that their common causal determination can be treated as the efficient definition of...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), string movements, space concept, mirror strategy, text dynamics,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The present chapter is written mainly as a tutorial for those researchers who try to get out something essential from peoplesâ way of reasoning and behaving and who suppose that this is expressed in their spoken and written language. Fundamental to the method presented here is that it gives a synthesis of the perspective that a text producer gives to a text in the moment of its evolvement. Since a perspective cannot be developed within single clauses and sentences but in the co-operation...
Topics: concept of text, agent as function, depth of text, perspective borders, graphical sentence,...
An attempt to modify perception and evaluation of student teachers with the aid of self-confrontation mediated with video recordings on one hand and conventional tutoring on the other is the subject of this report. Background to the experiment, a detailed description of the layout and a presentation of the measuring instruments are given together with evaluation of the internal and external validity of the taken approach. The report provides basic data for the doctoral thesis...
Topics: self-confrontation, teacher training, tutoring, cctv, micro-lessons, video-recording, experimental...
This report gives a description of the steps in an analysis of the dimensionality in interview texts. By means of cluster analysis techniques the interview materials have been condensed. Based on the results derived from several clusters a discrimination analysis has been carried out. In the final discussion the results are related to (1) the psycholinguistic model and (2) the model of the research process, which have guided this research.
Topics: cluster, probability, group, assignment, discrimination, dendrogram
This report presents the psycholinguistic model underlying the development of a method for a computer-based content analysis, called ANACONDA. A program-flow diagram for the construction of concepts illustrates basic steps in the Semantic Differential Technique. Some metric properties of the scales applied are discussed. The empirical approach of scaling linguistic elements (adjectives and verbs), which are taken out of context, are described. The results of the scaling procedures are given...
Topics: scaling, Osgood, semantic differentials, regression, panel, similarity analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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To enable the examination and evaluation of the quality of scientific publications and research funding, researchers should rely heavily on the principles of behavioural research for conducting and reporting empirical studies. In this report both general rules and suggested conventions have been compiled, i.e. (1) general principles for designing and evaluating behavioural research, (2) suggestions for principles to guide the researcher in preparing scientific reports for publication, and (3)...
Topics: research, behavioural, reporting, guide, preparation, design, control, criteria, writing, convention
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is a general conception that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince. Thus, the research question is whether Lagerkvist, accordingly,...
Topics: mentality, duality, Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), holophors, language space, perspective...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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The essence of the present work is based on the Kantian(AaO)-axiom. As a scientific method in its true sense, the Vertex version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA) represents an alternative approach to text-based studies. The inter-lingual character of Vertex has been tested and established in the context of six different languages, four belonging to the German family and two to the Roman family. The actual presentation concerns the Italian version. Vertex comprises a strict measurement of the...
Topics: Functional text geometry, perspective text analysis (PTA), Kantian AaO-axiom, language space, flow...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This article presents a competence-oriented experiment on the comprehension of ideas in modern literature. Comprehension is defined as being indicative of competence as distinct from qualification. 117 students from various educational programs in a Swedish gymnasium participated in a course on modem literature and society. In the process of testing, the students were at two occasions exposed to three videotaped projections of model societies. In this connection they responded to 15...
Topics: literature experiment, Literature-Science dependency, modernism, fiction, societal models, future...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract   In ancient times, sorcery has been associated with the suggestive and rhythmic language of poets and storytellers. The poet could have high standing among the rulers for his praise or be feared by his satires. A person using this kind of malum carmen (vicious song) could be sentenced to death if the honour of another citizen was at stake. Throughout history, the acceptance of sorcery in a society alters depending on whether the magic used is conceived as good or bad. This study...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis, PTA, angular articulation, nonlineare dynamics, sorcery, defamation,...
Based on studies of rotational string dynamics within the Agent-action-Objective framework [AaO], concepts and conceptual configurations are reproduced and discussed topologically. Empirically, it will be demonstrated that the developed formalism has the capacity to reproduce the structure contained in an established textual space. The discovered global terminus for the [A] component of the [AaO] paradigm is Mastering, which is attributed to the producer’s intention. The produced...
Topics: Mastering, rethinking, family, connectedness, duty, Kantian terms, incivility, spinning strings,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This thematic overview presents some studies on the validation and verification of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). The first section, containing the validation part, provides evidence for the hypothesis about the capacity of PTA to reflect specificity of ecologically specified observations in text production. The following section presents verification studies within various contexts and focuses on individual prerequisites and constraints that are at work when a person is put in a situation in...
Topics: verification, AaO-model, validity, comprehension, competence, Perspective Text Analysis (PTA),...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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Today, design is the concept of fashion. This article is focusing on the notion that there is one ideal design of society. The search for ideal solutions of societal problems has been the habit of utopianism. With the purpose to clarify how a student understands prescription and the design of a perfect society, a discourse on Huxley's "Brave New World" is studied. This implies that the student as text producer is expected to communicate a particular intention and orientation, since...
Topics: discourse, non-linear language mechanics, AaO-paradigm, Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex),...
This report describes the development and application of the idea of microteaching in research and education. It presents a cybernetic model for a systematic and controlled study of the way in which the individual makes use of different feedback devices for self-control and self-direction. The model is applied in an examination of an extremely comprehensive collection of research literature. The result of the investigation is studied with regard to its significance for a person's ability to...
Topics: cybernetic model, microsettings, experiments, teacher education
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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A common way of looking at cognition builds on the generation and representation of knowledge based on syntactic models. Above all, in connection with computer applications, it is proposed that the syntactic models are of significance for research on language and cognition. In the representation of a cognitive phenomenon, language plays the central role. Therefore, a contrasting discussion of the basic assumptions of both syntactic and paradigmatic models is the starting point of a method...
Topics: system, living, nonliving, logic, calculation, vision, semantics, AI, discovery, modelling,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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This report presents a system for the simulation of interactive behaviour strategies. The system has been constructed on the basis of a psycho-ecological model. The core of this system is an action-oriented behaviour simulation. The reliability of the information mediating variables, which have been built into the system, has been calculated. These are the association, structure and process paradigms. Furthermore, some explorative results from an adaptive simulation of behaviour are given...
Topics: behaviour simulation, system analysis, event, action, mediating variables
This report contains (1) a discussion of general methodological problems in content analyses, (2) a description of the applied content analysis technique, (3) an estimation of the agreement of judges in determining and extracting the basic units of the analysis and (4) an estimation of the coder agreement in coding these units. The coding rules and the preliminary version of the category system are given in appendices.
Topics: verbal data, coder agreement, classification, instructions, coding system
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This report gives an account of some problems, connected with factor analytic data processing. The presentation is of a non-technical kind and concentrated on the description of data processing on several levels. Furthermore, the features of the models of analysis are described, however without an attempt to provide a more systematic and complete presentation. For a more thorough study, the complexity of the subject would require a type of disposition provided in Child, D. (1970). The...
Topics: theoretical constructions, data levels, multiple classifications, samples, error analysis, error...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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In modern information and documentation systems, the thesaurus has the important function of serving as a link between the author of a document and the information searcher. For this reason, the language structure of thesauri should receive more attention than has been the case so far. In this study, the intermediate function of the thesaurus has led to an investiga­tion of the principles for structuring and representing informa­tion in such a way that it corresponds to the cognitive...
Topics: algorithmic coding, computational linguistics, concept recognition, empirical database, information...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The dictionary base is representing Swedish adjectives and verbs which were assessed of a sample of 40 randomly selected individuals, drawn from a population of 132 researchers, working in the fields of educational and psychological research. Further, the presented source materials are based on a sample of 600 pages of running text drawn from the 4000 pages of the collected interviews. This base provides a new way of building up concepts and conceptual relations. Finally, all units were scaled...
Topics: Multidimensional scaling, Osgood, psychometrics, content analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Based on the typical tasks required in ability testing, a general conclusion drawn in the international research literature is that intelligence is not different from e.g. McClelland's achievement testing. To many psychologists this means that the concept of competence is insignificant and that intelligence as well as related aptitude tests are sufficient in the assessment of performance. Further, it is generally assumed that the intelligence quotient (IQ) constitutes a measure of cognitive...
Topics: behavioural foundation, IQ, assortive mating, filter, unfolding competence, text production,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk, Helge Helmersson, & Bengt Lohmander
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Traditionally, respecting peopleâs choice is considered equal with respecting people. Founded on the premise of choice, elaborated and hierarchically organized organisations have been built up to guarantee growth of living standard for securing quality of life. This article reports on a study, which questions the adequacy of this premise. Three models of feasible societies have been used to study the way in which people prefer one or the other with respect to how uncertain or certain they are...
Topics: Swedish model, projected societies, Latin-square, canonical discriminant analysis, discriminant...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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A simulation model is presented, which has been constructed in such a way that the trainee gets control over the context of her actions. Three types of simulated action-event-sequences are presented in an inductive way The aim is to demonstrate the texture of the simulation process. It is shown that visualised as well as verbalised information has to be processed in a cooperative manner in order to abstract the ecological invariants in the flow of the simulation process. Three analyses are...
Topics: behaviour simulation, closed circuit televison, video-recording, process analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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Within many areas and at various levels people are discussing the problem of information and information overflow, at the same time as the need of information is greater than ever before. This report presents the basis for developing a locally anchored I&D-system within a research organisation. Since the basic concept in information processing is "data", the processes or "events" governing the data flow within a research institute are discussed. It is also outlined in...
Topics: I&D-system, local communication, psycho-ecology, scientific information retrieval
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract   Fundamental to the Oktoberfest is the provision that the deeply ingrained structural cores of the landscape can be taken into account. Through the explicitness of the functional state-termini relations, they have the capacity to enhance the relationship between motifs and themes. It follows that their causal determination can be treated as an efficient adaptation to the festival and transformational fitness. By building up its own dimensionality, the landscape has the capacity to...
Topics: Oktoberfest, Volksfest, AaO axiom, motifs, themes, state attractors, toastmaster, affection,...
This report contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, partly as a result of repeated self-confrontation experiences during a confrontation experiment, partly as a result of reassessments six weeks respectively two years after they had participated in the self-confrontation experiment. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlation analyses. Also assessments obtained from pedagogical experts have been used as a...
Topics: self-confrontation, micro-lesson, teacher training, experiment, self-assessment, closed circuit...
The report is a bibliographic account concerning television as a technical aid in education and in pedagogical and psychological research. The main stress in this bibliography lies on English and German dissertations from the period 1962-1969. To some extent other published materials in the English language are also included.
Topics: television, technical aid, bibliographic data, subject index, name index
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish. The present report gives...
Topics: microteaching, self-assessment, external, mediation, self-confrontation, CCTV, VR, dyadic...
This work presents a longitudinal didactic experiment based on the idea that literature, especially fiction, can serve as a basis for developing competence. Of critical importance is the teacher’s knowledge of the variation of conceptual depth in teaching materials. Based on five empirically discovered degrees of difficulty in literary texts, examples of writers and novels suitable as teaching materials for each degree are discussed. Further, a three-year authentic program in the subject of...
Topics: competence, didactics, longitudinal, high school, training, Swedish, synthesis, literature, fiction
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The assumption in this article is that consciousness can be transferred and transformed over times, over texts, and over cultures, provided that a high-quality medium can perform satisfactorily in order to reflect this consciousness. The assumption implies that consciousness is embedded in a style of writing. When sensing a text from earlier times, a reader must be able to pick up the structural relations of this text and mediate them in its own style of writing. In this study, the medium is a...
Topics: consciousness, writing style, language space, transformation, structural stability, literary...
This report suggests a new approach to quantification of the relationships within a whole sentence and presents a system for the analysis of concepts by data processing (ANACONDA). The psychological model for ANACONDA is outlined and a first measure building up concepts with an empirical root is discussed. Panel assessments have been used for quantification resulting in high reliability scores. By means of cluster analysis the empirical materials concerning researchers' views of scientific...
Topics: psycholinguistics, concept formation, cognition, interview data, psychometrics, regression analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The mental event horizon of law maker can be analysed, based on the Agentaction-Objective [AaO] paradigm. The roots of [A] and [O] are used with the purpose to explain structural novelties, resulting from an approach to Hammurabi’s Epilogue to his code of Law. Though, the particular operations of translating the code into English and the production of corresponding rotations have an influence on the developing spaces of intention and orientation. The concept of a landscape allows for the...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), energy landscape, character, endorsement, law code, Hammurabi,...
This report presents and motivates the theoretical frame of reference and choice of research strategies and methods in a project on research planning. It contains (1) a theoretical model and (2) empirical data concerning the initial phase of the research process. A model, based on principles of general systems theory and a psychology of information, is described and the design of an interview study and its realization is reported. Problems of data processing and data analysis are discussed. A...
Topics: research problems, structuring, perception evaluation, policy, descriptive statistics, general...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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This article presents a study in cognitive economics. It originates from a survey of mechanics  carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The verbal response of seven US and seven Swedish mechanics to three open questions  concerning information needs were analysed with Perspective Text Analysis. Only configurations building on significant groupings, which do not fall below the lower limit  of t. 90 of the t-distribution, are retained in the analysis. The structures embedded...
Topics: cognitve, economics, structure, dimensionality, workers, multinational, industry
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Ole Elstrup Rasmussen & Jørgen Aage Jensen
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This report includes a presentation of basic theoretical and methodological assumptions for investigating the relationship between competence and qualifications by means of simulation tasks. An analysis of the types of tasks that have been used in the study of problem solving psychology serves as a background for an exposition of the relationship between competence and qualifications. The vehicle for investigating competence and qualification is the INTOPIA program, which involves a task that...
Topics: problem, solving, competence, intopia, program, pilot, study, behaviour model
This is the last article in a series of three, the objective of which is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. In the first article: The fundamental concepts of human existence and the relation between the singular and the super-singular, it is shown, among other things, that a number of classic theories have three fundamental concepts of development in common: canalization that encompasses transference of something from one another, correlation that encompasses...
Topics: self-reference, AaO system, human, existence, discontinuity, perspectivation
This report contains analyses of the results of student teachers' self-assessment and the assessment by pedagogical experts on videotaped protocol material. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlations. Further, the ANOVA has been carried out in three steps: Analysis of (1) structure of the F-tests, (2) precision and power and (3) post hoc analyses. Canonical correlations have been analysed with regard to (1) significant bi-variate relations, (2) the relations...
Topics: CCTV-experiment, assessments, educational experts, self-confrontation, contrast analysis, Anova,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The discussion in this article takes its point of departure in the generally accepted position of cognition-oriented scientists that intelligent behaviour requires an organism/formalism, which can abstract information from the environment. By examining some operationalised schema models the author shows to what extent these have been capable of explaining the development of behaviourally meaningful cognitive functions. The discussion of the models is oriented towards techniques for specifying...
Topics: organism, formalism, cognitive functions, schema model, progressive behaviour, autonomous observer,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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 Abstract   Fundamental to the Oktoberfest is the provision that the deeply ingrained structural cores of the landscape can be taken into account. Through the explicitness of the functional state-termini relations, they have the capacity to enhance the relationship between motifs and themes. It follows that their causal determination can be treated as an efficient adaptation to the festival and transformational fitness. By building up its own dimensionality, the landscape has the capacity to...
Topics: Oktoberfest, Volksfest, AaO axiom, motif, theme, state attractors, toastmaster, affection,...
Information retrieval systems have been designed for making possible rapid and precise answers to queries. This report contains an analysis and discussion of the applied strategy for manual and computer-based search for literature on the subject: uses of closed circuit television in the behavioural sciences. The results of the manual search have been published 1969 in the series Didakometry, No. 24, but the result of the computer-based search is presented in this report.
Topics: literature search, bibliometrics, search profiles, frequency distributions, computer-based search,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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The basic hypothesis of the presented contribution is that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce natural language expressions. The shape of the mind of a particular person can be discovered through the mechanisms forming the corresponding language space. Although covered by textual surface properties, this space is approachable with VERTEX which is a new version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). Due to the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) axiom, it has been possible to...
Topics: functional text geometry, PTA/Vertex, text processiong, AaO model, algorithmic coding
The goal of the study presented in this paper is based on the idea that James Gibson proposed a radical and productive ecological approach not only to the study of perception but also to conception. The present experiment is an attempt to generalise Gibsonâs approach to understanding peoplesâ perception and conception of their social and cultural environment. The experiment has been designed within a multivariate experimental frame and was carried out with 160 lower division university...
Topics: observer, environment, involvement, representation, function, Latin-square, discriminant function
L ooking with a holistic perspective at a Bellman Song means considering a certain kind of energy investment. Lest its underlying cause can be established, it would be unlikely to detect changes that will affect the conceptual configuration of a song. A geometric point of view on magnitude and direction needs to be calculated and presented in the form of Potential Energy Surfaces (PES). Especially PES graphs are much more than just depictions of rhythms. Their unfolding is manifesting the...
Topics: bellman, song, energy investment, state attractions, poetry, AaO mechanisms, bi-componential...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract    Six modern translations into the (1) Swedish, (2) Danish, (3) English, (4) German, (5) French and (6) Italian languages have been made the foundation for the stablishment of potential energy surfaces (PES) as well as free energy surfaces (FES). The experimental treatment of the Italian translation will begin in behavioural terms. Structural relations are produced which make up the precondition for the production of the named relationship between emerging state attractions. To...
Topics: European mentality, perspectivation, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The significance of a quote of the Gothic King Athaulf resides not in its physical reality, but in its hypothetical mental share, which can be approach on the basis of the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] paradigm. By analysing the quote of the King, important conclusions can be drawn of its significance for present-day politics. However, the explanations can be given only through an account of what is in the links of the corresponding textual expression. Therefore, its underlying intention and...
Topics: German, tribes, Gothic, European, limits, migration, competition, Roman, Empire, strategy,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This article presents in compressed form the development of a psycho-ecological model for simulation of interpersonal relations (SIR). SIR is a method and an instrument, which permits a simulation of strat­egies of interactive behaviour. From a behavioural science point of view the method should make it possible to map mechanisms that produce and reproduce behaviour. SIR may also be used as an aid in studying how the individual's perception and evaluation steer and control behavioural changes....
Topics: behaviour theories, markov chains, closed circuit television, videorecording, event simulation,...
This article is concerned primarily with the problem of measuring quality and/or quantity of psychological phenomena. Its purpose is to identify and examine the critical problem of qualifying a syntactic correct indicative statement. The exposition is based on the premise that both humanistic and behaviouristic oriented psychologists have agreed upon the necessity of the analytical proposition as foundation of all scientific inquiry. The disagreement is on the methodological approach. Humanists...
Topics: subject, object, distinction, categorical, judgement, psychometrics, behaviour, referent, response,...
The significance of a citation of China’s Xi Jinping, incorporating Confucius’ sayings, resides not in its physical reality, but in core values, which imply the Agent [A] of the [AaO] formalism as the intentional force in a relationship to the Objective [O] and thus the idea of self-orientation. It follows that the intention of Xi needs to be mediated through an exchange of properties that are duty-bound with respect to self-cultivation, their family, community and society. Stated in terms...
Topics: Xi Jinping, Asian philosophy, Confucius, self-cultivation, energy landscapes, Family values, AaO...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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This is the third article of a series of three about concept formulation. It presents an analysis of the mentality of a free and unrestricted interview. The article starts with an illustration of the way in which an algorithmic analysis of natural language production has been carried out. Especially the functioning of the algorithm in differentiating objectives from the perspective is emphasised. By means of the agent function, meaningful conceptual relations can be unambiguously and...
Topics: interview, differentiation, objectives, boundaries, affinity relation, topographic description
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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An early poem by Nobel laureate Tomas Tranströmer from the collection 17 poems (1954) was studied. With the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] model and the associated procedures of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/ Vertex), an approach is presented for discovering the interior of modern poetry. The study describes how the spoken side of the poetic language is interacting with its unspoken side to make known how the interrelated structures of energy flows and fusions are generated. Through the...
Topics: Swedish poetry, literary analysis, language geometry, topology, angular articulation, internal...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The significance of real time imaging of string rotation and grapheme production resides not in the physical reality of a produced grapheme, but in the hypothetical fraction or share, related to a string of graphemes. It follows that common law evolution must mediate intention through an exchange of virtual properties within flow fields. Since a flow field itself is made up of rotating strings, grapheme displacement must respond to all deviations from uniformity in space and time. Stated in...
Topics: Roman law, civil law, jurisprudence, basic framework, legal system, historical importance, Latin...
In contrast to traditional linguistic analysis, a model based on the empirical Agent is put forward and tested. A text is regarded as an intentionally produced cognitive process. The analysis has to take the Agent (perspective) into account in order for an adequate processing of its Objectives (viewpoints) to come about. Moreover, the model is surface-oriented and assumes the cognitive relevance of an utterance to be defined by the dynamics of the text production and not by artificial semantic...
Topics: multinational, industry, linguistic context, intention, AaO paradigm, integration, coherence
Stimulated by the general philosophical idea oflogical positivism Edgar A. Singer, early in the 1920s made the radical suggestion that behaviour does not have mentalcauses. His thesis, further developed and modified by Arturo Rosenblueth, Norbert Wiener and Julian Bigelow in the early 1940s, has come to be termed behaviouralteleology. The principal motivation for Gerd Sommerhoff was in the beginnings of the 1950s to disjoin the behavioural approach from all notions of mind, mental statesand...
Topics: competence, Targeted system analysis, goal-directed behaviour, visible social texture, association,...
The present discussion is meant to serve the explanation of significant novelties, resulting from a search through the holophors of Swedish, English, German, Danish, French, and Italian text productions. Holophors have the capacity to enhance the fundamental relation between ideas and motifs through the explicitness of the functional state-termini relations. It follows that their common causal determination can be treated as the efficient definition of adaptation and consequently translational...
Topics: Emergent themes, emergent motifs, transformations on information invariants, structural stability,...
In a self-confrontation experiment, student teachers have been put through an extensive test battery containing personality tests, cognitive tests and attitude tests. In this report an analysis is presented of the influence of personality on the student teachers' perception and evaluation during confrontation with their own video-recorded micro-lessons. Using a number of multivariate models for data analysis, prediction problems and relations between the content of different groups of variables...
Topics: teacher training experiment, CCTV, muliple regression, re-assessment, longitudinal, perceptual...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Belinda Yuen
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The present study concerns the way in which its participants have picked up and cognitively integrated information on various models of possible societal development. The study draws attention to a perceiverâs potential of co-ordinating his views of the consequences of behaviour with behavioural control. Accordingly, the participants have been asked to prospect the consequences possible in a given environment and report their judgements in two different ways. One concerns the measurement of...
Topics: perceptual sensitivity, cultural values, eigenvalue, excellence, frozen condition, subordination,...
New types of information- and documentation systems are developed in most countries of the world. Several types of information have been available, but in spite of highly advanced techniques, no programs are yet handling multi-lingual information. This report presents a program, which separates titles of research documents automatically. The search program is based on the matching of specific cues in six languages, which coincide with patterns in the titles. It is shown that the English...
Topics: computational linguistics, computerbased lexicology, scientific information, language separation,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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An early poem by Tomas Tranströmer, “Sammanhang” (Connectedness) from the collection 17 poems (1954) has been studied. With the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] model and the associated procedures of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/ Vertex), an approach is presented for discovering the interior of modern poetry. The study describes how the articulatory side interacts with its non-articulatory side for imaging an interior landscape in the form of energy flows and fusions. Through the technique,...
Topics: Swedish poetry, literary analysis, language geometry, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, angular...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract When natural language is apprehended as a bio-kinematical system, it can be studied with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). The strategy is based on the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] axiom which can manifest the dimensions of Intention and Orientation. But this requirement can be satisfied only under the condition that a particular text can be identified and subjected to analysis. This implies that the nature of the text becomes approachable. Getting its layout under experimental control...
Topics: Thermodynamics, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, energy landscapes, biology of language,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract   This article presents five text analyses produced with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), founded on the Action-action-Objective paradigm, which Immanuel Kant once proposed in theory and which today is operational. After a terminological discussion about style in writing, the term proposed is textual gait . Thereafter five lectures are presented with the following contents: The first lecture, which introduces the application of the method PTA/Vertex, addresses the problem of...
Topics: Text typology, PES-graphs, Perspective Text Analysis, PTA/Vertex, writing styles, biokinematics,...
In a research project on search and steering strategies in educational and psychological research planning,  interviews with researchers working in departments of educational and psychological research are being analysed. The present report deals with the first step in developing a computer-based content analysis control of inter-coder agreement in syntactic-concept based coding of interview materials. The report discusses the actual inter-coder agreement and pro­poses directions for further...
Topics: content analysis, reliability testing, coder agreement, interview data